New England Paths to Parentage
Connecticut is the only New England state without protections or paths to parentage for non-biological parents to establish their legal parent-child relationship.
New Hampshire has a non-marital presumption of parentage that applies equally regardless of gender or genetic connection. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 168-B:2; In re Guardianship of Madelyn B., 166 N.H. 453, 98 A.3d 494 (2014).
Maine has a non-marital presumption of parentage and de facto parentage. Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 19-A, §§ 1881, 1891.
Massachusetts has expanded VAPs and a non-marital presumption of parentage that applies regardless of gender or genetic connection. G. L. c. 209C, § 6(a)(4); Partanen v. Gallagher, 475 Mass. 632 (2016).
Rhode Island recognizes de facto parents as equal legal parents. See Rubano v. DiCenzo, 759 A.2d 959 (R.I. 2000).
Finally, Vermont statutes have expanded VAPs, a non-marital presumption as well as de facto parentage. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 15C, § §301, 401, 501.