GLAD has filed a charge of discrimination against Walmart with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) on behalf of Jacqueline Cote.  Cote, a Walmart employee, was denied spousal health insurance for her wife, Diana Smithson, who is currently battling ovarian cancer. (The EEOC complaint can be read here.) That refusal, GLAD alleges, violates both state and federal law prohibiting sex discrimination in employment.

Cote works as an associate in the Swansea, MA Walmart store. Starting in 2006 and continuing through 2012, she attempted to add Smithson to her insurance during Walmart’s open enrollment periods, trying to access a benefit available to other Walmart employees.  Cote was particularly concerned about health insurance because of her wife’s health history – Smithson had had a bout with breast cancer in 1995.

“I felt like a second class employee. I had to keep trying; I wouldn’t give up.” – Jacqueline Cote

But when Cote entered her spouse’s gender as “female,” the online system would stop her from proceeding further.  When she called Walmart’s home office to investigate further, she was told that Walmart did not offer health insurance coverage to same-sex spouses.

“All that Jackie wanted was to be treated like all other Walmart employees and to take care of her spouse. Instead, Walmart chose to discriminate against its gay and lesbian employees.” – Janson Wu, senior staff attorney at GLAD

By the time Walmart ultimately announced that it would change its policy in 2013 (which went into effect on January 1, 2014),  Cote and Smithson had racked up medical bills topping $100,000, been hounded by bill collectors, and lost many nights’ sleep to worry.

Walmart is the world’s largest public corporation, the biggest private employer in the world with over two million employees, the largest retailer in the world, and the largest private employer in the United States.

Photo: Diana Smithson and Jacqueline Cote.  777 Portraits Myrtle Beach, SC