Browse Cases

By Topic

By State

By Outcome

Join Our Mailing List

We will send you updates about the changes GLAD is winning in the law and invitations to upcoming GLAD events.

Sign Me Up


For more information on a case,
contact Carisa Cunningham at 617-426-1350, or contact by .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)

Representing Plaintiff(s) · Pending

Cote v. Walmart

GLAD and co-counsel Peter Romer-Friedman of the Washington Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights and Urban Affairs (WLC) filed a class action complaint against Walmart, charging the retailer with discriminating against employees who were married to same-sex spouses by denying their spouses health insurance benefits.

A court-approved notice was mailed February 9, 2016, to nearly 1,200 current and former Walmart employees who may have been denied the ability to put their same-sex spouses on their employee health plan.

GLAD and WLC encourage anyone who was affected by Walmart’s prior policy - whether or not they receive notice - to contact lawyers for the Proposed Class. Potential class members include any current or past Walmart or Sam's Club associate who had a same-sex spouse at any time during their employment.

Cote et al. v. Walmart Stores, Inc. (D. Mass.), is currently scheduled for trial in November 2016. The Court will determine whether to certify a class by the summer or fall of 2016. 

The suit alleges that Walmart violated Title VII of the federal Civil Rights Act by discriminating against Jacqueline (Jackie) Cote based on her sex, and seeks to demonstrate how existing federal law can be used to protect lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) workers.

This class action lawsuit flows from a complaint GLAD filed on Jackie’s behalf with the Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (EEOC) in September 2014. On January 29, 2014, the EEOC issued a final determination stating that Walmart’s treatment of Jackie constituted unlawful sex discrimination. On May 29, 2015, the EEOC issued a right to sue letter.

In addition to GLAD and the Washington Lawyers’ Committee, Jacqueline Cote is represented by Outten & Golden LLP and Arnold and Porter LLP. 

Read more about the class action filing and read our FAQ about the case.

Background of Jackie Cote's Complaint

GLAD has filed a charge of discrimination against Walmart with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) on behalf of Jacqueline Cote. Cote, a Walmart employee, was denied spousal health insurance for her wife, Diana Smithson, who passed away in March 2016 after battling ovarian cancer. The charge alleges that in refusing to provide spousal coverage, Walmart violated both state and federal law prohibiting sex discrimination in employment. 

Cote works as an associate in the Swansea, MA Walmart store. Starting in 2006 and continuing through 2012, she attempted to add Smithson to her insurance during Walmart’s open enrollment periods, trying to access a benefit available to all other qualified Walmart employees. Cote was particularly concerned about health insurance because of her wife’s health history – Smithson had had a bout with breast cancer in 1995.

But when Cote entered her spouse’s gender as “female,” the online system would stop her from proceeding further. When she called Walmart’s home office to investigate, she was told that Walmart did not offer health insurance coverage to same-sex spouses.

While Walmart ultimately announced that it would change its policy in 2013 - which went into effect on January 1, 2014 - by that time Cote and Smithson had racked up medical bills topping $150,000, been hounded by bill collectors, and lost many nights’ sleep to worry. 

“All that Jackie wanted was to be treated like all other Walmart employees, and to take care of her spouse. Instead, Walmart chose to discriminate against its married gay and lesbian employees.”  - Janson Wu, GLAD Senior Staff Attorney

Diana Smithson and Jacqueline Cote. Photo: 777 Portraits Myrtle Beach, SC

“I felt like a second class citizen. I had to keep trying; I wouldn’t give up.” - Jacqueline Cote